Moringa purifying water education program.
Moringa tree (Moringa Oleifera) is a natural flocculant/coagulant.
That is, when dried Moringa seeds or seed powder is added to water it helps to treat turbid or cloudy water by pulling together floating particles—including dirt, other solids, and some germs and worms—and when the water settles, the particles sink to the bottom of the water container. This method helps reduce dirt and germs that cause disease and illness.
Moringa trees can be found in many places because their leaves, wood, and seed oil are also used as medicine, fire fuel, and food. The dried seed powder can only be used for one water treatment, but is biodegradable, so it is easily disposed after treatment.
The advantages / benefits
- Helps to reduce dirt, solid, large particles and the germs that cause highly turbid or cloudy water.
- Moringa trees grow in Cambodia and grow quickly, so seeds are usually readily available.
- Little costs.
- Doesn’t alter the taste of the water.
- Prevents sickness.
How to purify dirty water
Low turbidity water 1 seed per 4 liters water
Medium turbidity water 1 seed per 2 liters water
High turbid water 1 seed per 1 liter water
Extreme turbid water 2 seeds per 1 liter water
Materials to work with
- 1 bottle of clean drinking water
- 2 containers, 1 for the water and 1 for the storage of the cleaned water
- Filtration material, for example a piece of cloth
- Moringa seeds
- Knife or scissors
How to work
- Collect the Moringa seeds
- Remove the seed coat and discard any colored kernels
- Determine the quantity of kernels
- Grind the seeds
- Mix the seeds with a small amount of the fresh water to form a paste
- Mix the paste with the bottle fresh water and shake hard for 1 minute
- Place the piece of cloth across the container with dirty water and pour the bottle in to the container with the dirty water
- Stir treated water rapidly for 1 minute and after that slowly (15 – 20 rotations per minute) for 5 – 10 minutes (depending on the turbidity)
- Let the treated water rest for 1 – 2 hours (depending on the turbidity)
- When the particles and contaminates have settled to the bottom carefully pour the water in the clean container.
Safe Water Storage
When you work hard to collect, transport and treat your water to make it clean and safe to drink, you need to handle and store it properly to keep it clean and safe. Sometimes, the quality of stored water can become worse. To ensure that it is safe, water must be handled carefully while it is being carried and it must be stored in vessels that protect it from further contamination or re contamination. There are some kinds of containers that can help prevent contaminating (or making dirty) your clean water. But sometimes it is difficult to find or buy a good storage container.
The following characteristics are the most important and necessary things to make sure that your container provide safe water storage:
- is only used for treated water;
- has a strong and tightly fitting lid or cover-to make it difficult for animals or bugs to access;
- has a tap, spigot or narrow opening-to prevent hands from directly touching the water.
The following additional characteristics will improve the safety of your storage container, but are not necessary for safe storage:
- Stable base or bottom-to prevent the container from falling over and spilling water
- Durable-to prevent it from being broken and make sure it can be used for a long time –
- Comfortable handle-to make it easy to lift
- Allows air to enter as water is poured-to prevent spilling and wasting water
For wide necked containers, encourage people to keep them covered and design a system for removing water that avoids hands coming into contact with the water. This could be a long handled ladle that allows them to collect the water without touching it or a spigot at the bottom of the container. They should also be encouraged to regularly clean their container. an their container.
Hygiene Practices to Keep Water Safe and Clean
Clean water vessels and keep them clean
Stored water can become unsafe when it is touched by people with dirty hands, when animals drink from it, when it is poured into a dirty vessel, when dirt or dust gets in the water, and when dirty cups are used to scoop up water. To prevent water from becoming unsafe at home:
- Wash hands with clean water (and soap if available) before collecting and carrying water.
- Clean the vessel that is used to carry water.
- Carry water in a covered vessel. This will also prevent spilling.
- Regularly clean the container where water is stored in the house.
- Use water storage containers only for storage of water, nothing else.
- Keep water vessels off the floor and away from animals and children.
- Pour water out without touching the mouth of the container, or use a clean, long-handled dipper or ladle to take water out of the container.
- Clean all cups that are used for drinking.
- Never store water in containers that have been used for pesticides, petrol, or dangerous chemicals, even if they have been cleaned.
- If possible, do not treat more water than you need for daily use, usually less than 5 liters per person per day for drinking and cooking.
More about seeds : Moringa Oleifera Seeds